Hyde Park-Kenwood Elected Officials and Electorals

This page is brought to you as a service of Hyde Park-Kenwood Community Conference neighborhood association and its website http://www.hydepark.org. We monitor and comment upon government, its servants, and services and the electoral process and stand for good government and practices but as a 501c3 do not endorse candidates or lobby. Reach us at hpkcc@aol.com or 773 288-8343.

HPKCC hopes this page will help you to make your voice heard in local government and to more easily access resources. (Services take up the most of the table below). We encourage you to copy us at hpkcc@aol.com when you want to draw more attention to any issues and concerns you raise with our political leaders. Part of HPKCC's mission is to serve as a forum for policies that affect us, to assess consensus among residents, and ultimately to advocate for what the community believes is in its best interest. To Calendars and Directories

Elected officials contacts- one good source: http://www.usagov/Contact/Elected.shtm1

February 1, 2016 4th Ward Alderman Will Burns announced he is resigning.

Read HPKCC questions sent to 4th and 5th Ward aldermanic candidates and candidate forums. RESPONSES.

READ FACTS ABOUT REGISTERING AND VOTING in the next election: VISIT VOTING PAGE FOR FULL ELECTIONS INFORMATION.
To follow what's going on politically and with the city see Campaign Front page. (Current: ward mapping, participatory budgeting.)
Find out about your governments and what they provide in Government Services. A new one-stop by city-county-state is
OPEN DATA: http://www.MetroChicagoData.org. Find Chicago, Cook, and Illinois services/facilities/agencies, offices/info sites of officials, approved homecare providers, check register, mapof restaurants and inspections, public health data, crimes, gov't officials/workers salaries, vendors and contracts. According to The Daily Whale, the site organizes data sets into categories consisting of: housing and property; economic development; education; environment; government administration; ethics; health and human services; public safety; tax and revenue; and transportation. Also included on the website are newly created data sets. These features include: an interactive map of the area's hospitals, clinics and other healthcare facilities that are operated by the city, county or state; a directory of government buildings and facilities in metro Chicago; and tax, permits, investment incentives and regulation data for businesses.

The State Board of Elections online registration tool is functional and may be used to register voters. https://ova.elections.il.gov
For Chicago your one-stop is chicagoelections.org.
EARLY VOTING has started Mon-Saturdayt 9-5 through Feb. 21 plus Sunday the 15th 9-3 at any of the one of the 51 places, one per ward plus downtown. You must bring an identifible ID-- 2 (1 with photo) if you are changing address or name or voting for the first time in Chicago.
The location in the 4th Ward is the King Center, 3858 S. Cottage Grove. That for the 5th Ward is Jackson Park Fieldhouse, 6401 S. Stony Island.
Absentee voting can be applied for or and returned through Feb. 19 online or in person,



City website: http://www.chicagoelections.com.

Find your polling place www. voterinfonet.com or www.chicagoelections.com.
Watch here for news of upcoming elections. You can serve as deputy canvasers/registrars or as judges of election. Contact Board of Elections, (312) 269-7851 FAX 312 269-0664. Training opportunities for volunteer deputy registrars will open again. Call 312 269-7851. See below: County Clerk David Orr's and commissioner's appeals for election judges and call for reform.

Services and more office details in Government Services page.
Reports from officials.

City Council meetings 2nd Wednesday. Live streamed: http://www.chicityclerk.com/citycouncilvideo.html. Committees schedule: http://www.chicityclerk.com/meeting-dates.php.

Civics 101-Part I- Resources related to campaign financing- and how to have good campaigns without big money.

Federal candidates-

Center for Public Integrity (interactive)-
http://www.publicintegrity.org/2015/10/1618631/see-how-much-2016-presidential-candidates-have-daised-so-far (note reporting periods are likely every 30 days and the last-minute surge gives are reported after the election.)

Federal Election Committee- http://www.fec.gov/pindex.shtml

Prorepublica. Itemizer lets you browse and organize. (Not Senate, which are filed by paper!)

State and local-
Illinois State Board of Elections- search by contribution, committee, district, or candidate
https://www.elections.il.gov/

Illinois Sunshine. More user-friendly. http://www.illinoissunshine.org

Area organizations working for Campaign Finance Reform-

Better Government Association. http://www.bettergov.org/campaign-finance

Common Cause Illinois.
http://www.commoncause.org/states/illinois/issues/money-in-politics/?referrer+https://www.google/com

Illinois Campain for Political Reform. http://www.ilcampaign.org/issues-and-legislation/campaign-finance-reform

Illinois Move to Amend. http://illinoismovetoamend.org

RunClean.Org http://runclean.org


Civics 101-Part II- to follow a bill through state assembly do the following:


1. go to www.ilga.gov and on home page
on left in search box type in s.b. or h.b. with number
and press go then you shall come to
3. stated bill go down page to see what actions are taken
for the stated bill like which committees they are in,
then see if any part of proceedures knocks out any of
original bill (read only parts which apply)
4. go to full text and read same
(If you don't know the bill number, below the box for the number there is a box in which you can search by keyword.)

Here's how to contact 311 electronically and have request tracked: http://www.cityofchicago.org/city/en/depts/311.html .

This site has been recommended to us for sorting out contacts at county government. countyoffice.org.

City

Alderman 4th Ward
Sophia D. King


435 E. 35th St. Chicago, IL 60616
(773) 536-8103
,
(773) 870-2760 Simmons aide.

scheduler latricia.jackson@cityofchicago.org.
4thwardreception@gmail.com
ward04@cityofchicago.org.

Constituent services Margaret Kutyna-
malgorzata.kutyna@cityofchicago.org

Ward Phone: 773-536-8103
Fax 773 536-7296
City Hall Office: 121 N. LaSalle St.
Room 300, Office 10
Chicago, IL 60602
City Hall Phone: 312-744-2690
312-744-2691


If you know someone that wants to be added to the ward newsletter e-blast please contact Prentice Butler at prentice.butler@cityofchicago.org or call him. You can also follow me on twitter at ald4_Willburns, Google +and I have a presence on Facebook at Alderman William "Will" Burns. I also have a website at www.aldwillburns.com.

4th or last Saturday ward meetings, 10 am Monumental Baptist Church.
Open hours 1st Monday 5-8.

4th Ward Committeeman: Toni Preckwinkle, 1516 E. 53rd St. 2nd Fl. 773 288-0000, fax 773 288-0005. Mae Wilson.
Diana Thompson, office manager.

Ald. Leslie A.. Hairston (5th)Leslie Hairston or
Alderman, 5th Ward
2325 E. 71st Street
Chicago, IL 60649
lhairston@cityofchicago.org
Ward Phone: 773-324-5555
Ward Fax: 773 324-1585
City Hall Office: 121 N. Lasalle St.
Room 300, Office 23
Chicago, IL 60602
City Hall Phone: 312-744-6832

REPORT PROBLEMS: fifthwardserviceoffice.com

Fifth Ward on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/pages/Fifth-Ward-Service-Office/283169658382984

Ward Sanitation Office. Superintendent Gloria Pittman. 1619 E. 73rd St. 312 747-790. M-F 6-2:30.

Open hours Tuesday evenings, 2nd Sats. 10-2, Ward meetings 4th Tuesdays- call for schedule. Free legal counseling 2nd Tuesdays at ward office 6-8 pm.

5th Ward Committeeman Leslie Hairston

Ward Committeemen:

4th Ward Democratic- Toni Preckwinkle
1516 E. 53rd St. 2nd floor. (meetings 4th or last Saturday 10 am at Monumental Baptist- not aldermanic) 773 288-0000, Mgr Dianna Thompson. info@tonipreckwinkle.org
4th Ward Republican- Babette Payton 773 536-5326

5th Ward Democratic- Leslie Hairston (Ald.)
5th Ward Republican- Christopher Coordes

Ward superintendents:

4th: Nathaniel McGowan 4415 S. Cottage Grove, 60653. (312) 747-0860
5th: Gloria Pitman, 312 747-7900, 1619 E. 73rd St, 60649

 

Willie B. Cochran
Alderman, 20th Ward

6357 S. Cottage Grove Avenue 60637
773 955-5610 fax 773 955-5612

City Hall Suite 300, 121 N. LaSalle St. 60602
312 744-6840 fx 5688.

willie.cochran@cityofchicago.org
http://www.chicago20thWard.com
Twitter @AldermanWBC or Text Follow @AldermanWBC to the number 40404 for daily updates.


Pat Dowell
Alderman, 3rd Ward
5044 S. State St.
Chicago, IL 60609
773 373-9273
http://www.dowellfor3rdward.com

 

Rahm Emanuel
Mayor
Office of the Mayor, City Hall Room 501,
121 North LaSalle Street, Chicago, IL 60602
Telephone (312) 744-3334
http://www.cityofchicago.org/
E-mail the city or mayor:
http://egov.cityofchicago.org/city/webportal/
home.do

Letter/comment/notice to the Mayor: lettertothemayor@cityofchicago.org

 

City Information and Complaints
Telephone (312) 744-5000 or 311
City of Chicago /(Office of the) Mayor (The Mayor cannot be directly sent e-mail) (Complaints may be better fielded by your alderman's office.)

To City Services

Emergencies: 911
Services: 311 or (312) 744-5000
City Clerk: James Laski
City Treasurer: Judith Rice
Business Express: (312 744-CITY)

 

Aldermanic websites: go to www.cityofchicago.org, find City Council and scroll to alderman's name. Their e-mail is first initial of first name followed directly by last name@cityofchicago.org.

Remapped Ward maps are available in City Hall, ground floor.

County
  • Ald. Toni Preckwinkle (4th)Toni Preckwinkle
    Board President.
    tonipreckwinkle.org
    312 603-6400
    fax: 312 443-4397

Toni Preckwinkle
Cook County Board President
118 N. Clark Street Room 537
Chicago, IL 60602

scheduler/aide: Pam Cummings
pamela.cummings@cookcountyil.gov


Commissioner, 4th District Jerry Butler
Telephone (773) 224-1705

118 N. Clark St. #567

5th Subcircuit, Circuit Court of Cook County. (South Side north of 75th and east of Western Avenue)
Ed Washington II

Cook County sites,
http://www.cookcountyil.gov. http://www.cookcountyil.gov/efficiency.
Visit our Government Services/Resources page.

The following are full of resources: Office of
Cook County Assessor
James Hoolihan
.
Links/more in Condos-Coops Committee,
Tax & other Info for Seniors, and Landmarking-econ. incentives, Useful taxpayer information.
Office of Cook County Treasurer Maria Pappas
Office of Clerk of the County Court
Aurelia Pucinski (69 W. Washington, Chicago, IL 60602)

General County Number: (312) 443-5656

This site has been recommended to us for sorting out contacts at county government. countyoffice.org.

State

State Legislative Website: www.legis.state.il.us
Look up legislation by member, bill number
or subject; track progress, passage and vote/ roll call, whether signed/overridden.

State Representative and Majority Leader Barbara Flynn Currie Barbara Flynn Currie
State Representative, 25th District
1303 E. 53rd Street, Chicago, IL 60615
Telephone (773) 667-0550, fax 773 667-
3010, Springfield (217) 782-8121.
http://www.legis.state.il.us/
homepages/house/curriebf.html.

Better: http://www.BarbaraFlynnCurrie.org

e-mail:repcurrie@sbcglobal.net

Map: 25th Representative District. Each rep. district constitutes one half of a senatorial district.

Eleanor Gordon for office, Annette Harley for cutting red tape.

 

_____________________________________

State Representative, 26th District,
west part of HP-K:
Christian Mitchell

Springfield- 1240A-W Stratton Office Bldg.
Springfield, IL 62706
217-782-2023
Chicago- 449 E. 35th St. 1st floor, Chicago, IL 60616-
773-924-1755 (office)
773-924-1775 (fax) MitchellDistrict26@att.net
aides inc. Jeanine Robinson

 

______________________________

State Senator Kwame Raoul, 13th

www.senatorraoul.com click where it says to contact.
State Senator, 13th District (25th and 26th House districts comprise the 13th Senatorial District)

e-mail or try in
raoulstaff@me.com.
1509 E. 53rd St. 2A, 60615
Telephone (773) 363-1996, Fax 363-5099
Lavonte' Stewart, District Liaison raoulstaff@me.com.

Springfield: 105B State Capital, Springfield,
IL 62706, (217) 782-5338, fax ?683-7166

Years served: 2004 - Present

Committee assignments: Committee of the Whole; Criminal Law (Vice-Chairperson); Financial Institutions; Judiciary; Pensions and Investments (Chairperson); Redistricting (Chairperson); Subcommittee on Pension Reforms (Sub-Chairperson); Subcommittee on Special Issues (Sub-Chairperson); Subcommittee on Redistricting I (Sub-Chairperson).

Biography: Attorney; born September 30, 1964; Bachelor's degree from DePaul University; J.D. from Chicago-Kent College of Law; married (wife, Kali), has two children.

Committee Code Chairman Members Current Bills
Committee of the Whole
SCWL Members
BillsCriminal Law
SCCL Michael Noland (D)
Members
BillsFinancial Institutions
SFIC Jacqueline Y. Collins (D)
Members
BillsJudiciary
SJUD A. J. Wilhelmi (D)
Members
BillsPensions and Investments
SPAI Kwame Raoul (D)
Members
BillsRedistricting
SRED Kwame Raoul (D)
Members
BillsSubcommittee on Pension Reforms
SPAI-SPIP Kwame Raoul (D)
Members
BillsSubcommittee on Redistricting I
SRED-RRDI Kwame Raoul (D)
Members
BillsSubcommittee on Special Issues
SCCL-SCSI Kwame Raoul (D)
Members
Bills


Redistricted state legislative maps are
available at the State Board of Elections,
State of Illinois Building (Thompson Center).

Bruce Rauner.
Governor

Governor's Office-Chicago
Telephone (312) 814-2121????


Office-Chicago

State of Illinois website. Visit our Government Services.

General state information: (312) 814-3500

State Income Tax (800) 732-8866

Follow in the website top left column any bill introduced in the current session through the legisature and find out its contents and status. (Note, many bills start as boilerplate filler-
shells, they are called- especially a duplicate of one in the other chamber, until it's actually
heard, composed and negotiated.)

KidCare/FamilyCare: Applications and list of Application Agents: www.kidcareillinois.com or hotline 1-866-4-OUR-KIDS.

____________________________

Office of the Attorney General

Lisa Madigan

Downtown main number (Thompson Center, 100 W. Randolph, 60601) 312 814-3000.
South Side office (7906 S. Cottage Grove, 60619) 773 488-2600.

Numbers: Consumer Fraud (Chicago) 800-385-5438,
TYY 800 964-3013
Charitable Trusts Bureau 312 814-3374
Children's advocacy 312 814-3489
Internet Child Exploitation 312 913-3505
Sex Offfender Registry- www.isp.state.il.us
Crime Victims 800-228-3368
Automated Victim Notification 866 5-NOTIFY
Disability Rights 312 814-5684
Environmental Crimes 888 288-9436
Franchise Bureau 217 782-4465
Freedom of Information 217-782-9005
Gang Crime Prevention 877- 411-GCPC (4272)
Health Care Hotline 877 305-5145
Senior Citizens Consumer Fraud 800 243-5377
School Violence Tipline 800 382-3000
Veterans Helpline 800 477-0024
Violence Against Women 312 814-2592

Areas of representation: Antitrust, Civil Appeals, Civil Rights, Consumer Protection, Disabilities, Enviromnental Enforcementt and Asbestos Abatement, General Law, Land Acquisition, Industrial (Workers' Comp)

National

SOME CONTACTS FOR FEDERAL ELECTED OFFICIALS. (PS, there are also websites that will list their campaign contributions.)

Sen Richard J. Durbin
ph - 202-224-2152
fax - 202-228-0400
http://www.durbin.senate.gov
http://www.youtube.com/SenatorDurbin

Tammy Duckworth
ph - 202-224-2854 ??
http://www.duckworth.senate.gov

Rep Bobby L. Rush
ph - 202-225-4372, 773 779-2400
fax - 202-226-0333
http://house.gov/rush/ ?
https://rush.house.gov
http://www.youtube.com/CongressmanRush

 

U.S. Rep. Bobby Rush (1st) Bobby Rush
Congressman, 1st District
700-706 East 79th St.
Chicago, IL 60619
Chicago Telephone (773) 224-6500
ph - 202-225-4372
fax - 202-226-0333

Web http://www.house.gov/rush
http://www.youtube.com/CongressmanRush
staff: robyn.wheelergrange@mail.house.gov

Robin Kelly

Congressman, 2nd District
600 Holiday Plaza Drive
Mattesom, IL 60443
ph 708-679-0078

U.S. Rep. Danny K. Davis (7th)Danny Davis

Congressman, 7th District
2746 W. Madison St.
Chicago, IL 60612
Phone: (773) 533-7520/(773) 533-7530
Web http://www.house.gov/davis/

U.S. Senator Dick DurbinRichard J. Durbin

U.S. Senator
Telephone (312) 353-4952/
(202) 224-2152, fax 202-228-0400
web http://www.durbin.senate.gov
durbin.senate.gov/contact.cfm
http://www.youtube.com/SenatorDurbin

Tammy Duckworth

________________________________

Federal offices: *800) 688-9889

Chicago City Clerk
E-mail to info@chicityclerk.com
http://www.chicityclerk.com
For city websites and e-mails, it may be best to substitute www.cityofchicago.org where is now ci.chi.il.us/

Get info here on:

Chicago City Council

The Chicago City Council is the City's legislative body comprised of 50 alderman representing city wards. Click to find out about their meeting times and rules for attending and to see what standing committees they serve on. There is no online information yet on what ordinances are being proposed.

When to contact your alderman.
Among other things, your alderman can help with:

  • Street, Traffic, & Parking Issues.
  • Neighborhood/Housing Concerns.
  • Public Safety, Public Services.

Community Policing

More including more links in Public Safety and CAPS pages

Emergency numbers

  • 911 Police, Fire, Ambulance
  • Police non-emergency (312) 746-6000
  • Fire TDD (312) 744-9110
  • Com Ed (800)334-7661
  • Peoples Gas (312)240-7000
  • Poison Control Center (800) 942-5969
  • Heat Emergencies (312) 744-5000
  • Homeless Help Line (312) 563-1620

Other City Services
Click Here or for all city services.

New! Dept. of Children and Youth Services consolidates lots of programs.

Note: if these links don't work, subsitute www.cityofchicago.org for the initial address
before the first/

Consumer complaints (800) 386-5438

Department of Aging
e-mail: Aging@ci.chi.il.us
This site can help you do the following:

  • Make sure you are getting all the benefits you deserve
  • Get Medical Transportation Assistance, Home Delivered Meals, and Local Golden Dinner Locations

Services for Seniors (any level of gov't):

  • Senior Helpline and Elder Abuse
    (800) 252-8966
  • Social Security Disability Hotline
    (800) 637-8856
  • Home Delivered Meals (312)744-4016
  • Circuit Breaker (800) 624-2459
  • Homeless Help Line (312 563-1600

Department of Buildings

The department has been divided into Buildings
(code enforcement and inspections) and Construction and Permits that now has one-stop centers. Business Express312 744-CITY Assigns you a single contact.

Department of Environment or
e -mail: environment@ci.chi.il.us, Directory or environment@cityofchicago.org

Mayor's Office for People with Disabilities
e-mail: (NONE)
This site can help you do the following:

  • Learn what programs, events and services are provided, including housing, legal, transportation, and employment

Department of Public Health
e-mail: PublicHealth@ci.chi.il.us or cityofchicago.org
This site can help you do the following:

  • Get info on current health alerts, volunteer time, download publications, and even have the care van come to your event.
  • Find a clinic, to get tested for STD's or HIV.
  • Programs: child/adult immunization, extreme weather, food & dairy protection, car seat program, lead program, mental health, nutrition, school health, substance abuse treatment programs, violence prevention, women's health, children's health.

Public Aid and Health Services-any level
of government

  • Public Aid Medicaid (800) 252-8635
  • AIDS Hotline (800) 243-2437
  • Child Abuse/Neglect (300) 252-2873

Human Relations Commission

  • Community Relations: helps foster positive intergroup relationships.

Department of Human Services
e-mail: online at website (click "feedback")
This site can help you do the following:

  • Learn about programs on: career, social work, homelessness, parenting and child care, violence prevention/victim assistance, cultural, ducational,
    emergency needs.
  • The city's emergency shelter system is run by Inner Voice, Inc., 2425 W. Jackson 312) 243-6315

Volunteer deputy registrar training. 312 269-7851, FAX 312 269-0664. Feb. 2004

Training requests must be submitted, in writing, on an organization's letterhead, by the organization coordinator, with phone number. The Community Services Division of the Board must receive these requests by the indicated deadline. Send to attn. of Kelly Bateman, Director, Community Services Division. The request must include name and address of each volunteer and indicate the class date and time requested. Attendees must reside in Chicago. Sessions may be cancelled. Training is at 33 N. LaSalle 2nd floor.

County Clerk Orr: need felt for election judges

If we can put a man on the moon, why can't we get elections right?

As Cook County's chief election authority, I hear that a lot. In reality, neither rocket scientists nor my staff runs the show on Election day. The most powerful people on Election Day are the election judges--your neighbors who wake up ast 4 a.m. and spend a 14-hour day inside a school gymnasium to ensure that your polling place runs smoothly.

In helping to guarantee democracy, polling place workers shouldn't have to take a vacation day or worry about jeopardizing their jobs. Instead, businesses should allow employees to take the day off to serve as election judges--just as they do for employees who sit on juries.

Since the 2000 presidential election, most of the debate surrounding election reform has focused on voting equipment, while the human component of improving elections has largely been ignored. Sure, machnes count votes and transmit results, but election judges must set up the equipment correctly, show voters how the machines work and know what to do if they malfunction.

Unfortunately, election authorities nationwide face shortages of eletion judges at a time when we need them most. The introduction of new federal voting procedures coupled with an expected heavy voter turnout makes it essential that every precinct have a full complement of five election judges for the November 2 election. That's more than 25,000 election judges in Cook County alone.

Last spring, my office drafted a bill that would have required businesses to give time off to employes who work as election judges. It ultimately died after winning approval in the Illinois House. But civic-minded companies in Ilinois can still support the spirit of the law on their own.

Deforest B. Soaries, Jr., chairman of the federal Election Assistance Commission, has called the decrease in polling place workers "an emerging crisis" that eclipses any technical issues. The commission is now urging corporate leaders nationwide to recruit more election judges by awarding employees the day off to work ath e polls.

Granted, working as an election judge is hardly glamourous stuff. You work long hours and don't get rich doing it. But election judges play a critical role by serving on the front lines and makeing sure elections are conducted fairly, honestly and accurately.

The more knowledgeable, well-trained judges we have on hand, the better. Granting them time off to protect voter rights, reduce polling place confusion and minimize ballot errors only makes sense.

 

Election judge vacancies a familiar problem. by Theresa M. Petrone, Bd of El. Commrs. [Note, a firm rebuttal by a retired teacher to the part about using teachers appeared in the September 29 Hyde Park Herald.]

Hyde Park Herald, September 15, 2004

The current system of recruiting and assigning judges is no longer effective and needs to be replaced with a procedure that will ensure all voters are served by trained and reliable poll workers.

Judges of election are currently appointed by the two major political parties. In the City of Chicago, approximately 14,000 judges, evenly divided betweeen Democrat an Republican, are needed to staff the city's 2,709 polling places.

Unfortunately, in recent years, this task has become more difficult, leaving the Chicago Board of Election Commissioners scrambling to fill thousands of vacancies during the 45-day period prior to the election when the Board can make direct appointments in precincts where the political parties made no assignments.

With only a few months until the Nov. 2 Presidential Election, the Board finds itself with more than 10,000 judges of election vacancies. A crisis? Yes, but one tha the Board faces every two years when the term of all judges of election expires.

Past experience has demonstrated that the key to a well-run election is to hae trained and conscientious judges of election assigned to all precincts. Although there are hundreds of dedicated judges of election who serve every election, some for decades, there are many precincts where it is difficult to recruit anyone to serve. This problem is compounded by the large number of judges of election who fail to show up election morning, leaving some precincts with one or two judges, or even none!

Serving as a judge of election requires training. Judges must know ho to set up the polling place in the morning; process and assist voters during the polling hours; be able to close the polls and tally the vote; and be knowledgeable of a complex State Election code and federal reauirements. The Chicago Board of Election Commissioners does its pasrt in providing a professional school of instruction, a comprehensive judge of election manual, and unlimited backup services through Election central. Yet, even with all of this assistance, serving as a judge can be a challenging and intimidating task. In precincts with untrined judges of election, mistakes are easy to make, sometimes disenfranchising voters.

What is the solution to the judge of election vacancy crisis? Her is a suggestion that would solve the judge of election dilemma and provide voters with the best possible electoral system:

A professional cadre of Chicago school teaachers who would staff the city's polling places every election....